The Book Stylistics by Galperin. Uploaded by Alexei Galaktionov. Copyright: Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC). Download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online. English Stylistics has 38 ratings and 2 reviews. The textbook discusses the general problem of style, gives a stylistic classification of English vocabul. About I.R. Galperin: Ilya Romanovich Galperin ( – ) was a notable linguist, professor of the Moscow State Linguistic University.. I.R. Galperin.
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Being born in speech they have gradually become recognized as certain patternized structures: It is in view of the ever-growing significance of the exploration of language potentialities that so much attention is paid in linguo-stylistics to the analysis of expressive means EMs and stylistic devices SDsto their nature and functions, to their classification and to possible interpretations of additional meanings they may carry in a message as well as their aesthetic value.
Alexander Blok said that” the style of a writer is so closely connected with the content of his soul, that the experienced eye can see the 1soul through his style, and by studying the form penetrate to the depth of the content.
Gorki, “that language is the creation of the people. Thus “footsteps on the sand of war” E.
I.R. Galperin (Author of English Stylistics)
Stylistids means have a greater degree of predictability than stylistic devices. They introduce various patterns which are almost undecodable and consequently require special devices for grasping the messages. He severely attacked “ink-horn” terms. General Notes on Functional Styles of Language……………………………32 4.
In the second half of galpein 16th century, a century marked by the political and economic rise of England, literature began to flourish in all forms—drama, poetry and prose. One set of language media stands in opposition to other sets of language media with other aims, and these other sets have other choices and arrangements of language means.
The types of texts can be analysed if their linguistic components are presented galprein their interaction, thus revealing the unbreakable unity and transparency of constructions of a” given type. Each variety has basic features common to all the varieties of the given FS and peculiar features typical of this variety alone. This tendency became particularly strong in what is called descriptive linguis tics.
An exception, perhaps, is the Historical Present which meets the requirements of an SD. Philip Sidney, for instance, stated that the English sgylistics must have its own grammar.
This can be explained by the fact that semantic changes and particularly syntactical ones are rather slow in process and they reject any sudden imposition of innovations on the code already stylistkcs action.
But these are only the prerequisites for the appearance of an SD. Here we shall only point out the most essential sides of the problem, viz. Scherba are worth quoting: Such scholars, aware of the variables and unknowns, usually try in their teaching to sidestep anything that may threaten well-established theories concerning the laws of language. Johnson’s time the freshness of the idiomatic style has been too frequently abandoned for the lifeless mechanism of a style purely bookish and mechanical.
See also the bibliography on p. The situation in which the spoken variety of language is used and in which it develops, can be described concisely as the presence of an interlocutor.
An interesting symposium was also held in Italy, the proceedings of which were published under the editorship of professor S. Their personal intuition appears as a completed gslperin of the absolute art of intuition and the innate, specialized art-of the linguistic medium.
The stylistics of a highly developed language like English or Rus sian has brought into the science of language a separate body of media, thus widening the range of observation of phenomena in language.
The word is gapperin to the teaching of halperin to write a composition see below ; it is also used to reveal the correspondence between thought and expression; it frequently denotes an individual manner of making use of language.
Secondly, a conference on Style in Language was held at Indiana Un iversity in the spring offollowed by the publication of the proceedings of this conference. At this conference lines were drawn along which studies in lingvo-stylistics sttylistics be maintained. Language units which are used with more or less definite aims of communication in various passages of writing and in various functional styles begin gradually to develop new features, a wider range of functions, thus causing polyfunctionality.
The idiolect should be distinguished from what we call, individual style, inasmuch as the word ‘style’ presupposes a deliberate choice. Here is an example: It is applied to various kinds of literary works: Men-of-letters not only write the language, they also speak it stylistica in most cases just like any one of their countrymen. The word thus assumes a new quality: They are designed to awaken co- experience in the mind of the reader. A stypistics popular notion of style among teachers of language is that style is technique of expression.
The stream of information grows larger every month. Much of the old remains, and slowly and imperceptibly the new- comers react upon their environment, almost as much as they are influenced by it.
Galperin I. A. Stylistics
Interaction of Logical and Nominal Meanings……………………… Antonomasia……………………………………………………………. Approaches to components of individuality such as 1 composition of larger-than-the sentence units see p. But in my judgement”, he goes on, “the common terms that be daily used been lighter to understand than the old and ancient English. As someone has said, a clear writer is always conscious of a reader over his shoulder.
But the extremes are apparent from the ways language units are used both structurally and semantically. English Stylistics by I. As the situation must be made clear by the context, the utterance becomes more exact. Some people think that one has to possess what is called a “feeling for the language” in order gaalperin be able to understand the norm of the language and its possible variants.
Here is an example showing the difference. This is indispensable; for nowadays no science is entirely isolated from other domains of human knowledge; and linguistics, particularly its branch stylistics, styliztics avoid references to the stylidtics mentioned disciplines because it is confronted with certain overlapping issues. All these factors are, however, undoubtedly interwoven with individual style. In order to get a workable definition of balperin norm for the purposes set in this book and, particularly, in connection with the issue of individual stylistlcs, it will be necessary to stylisticz a little bit deeper into the concept.
In their use of the language there were two tendencies among the writers of this age: It was in the choice of the words to be used in literary English that the sharpest controversy arose and in which the two tendencies of the period were most apparent. The truth of this approach to style and stylistics lies in the fact that the author concentrates on suchphenomena in language as present a system, in other words, on facts which are not confined to individual use.
In the s there arose a trend which was named formalism in literature and which has crucial relevance to present-day endeavors to analyze the role of form in embodying matter. Their mannerisms rarely pass 1beyond their immediate clique, and have no more permanence than foam on the river.